Freetown, SIERRA LEONE – President Julius Maada Bio assumed the role of Chair at the High-Level Summit of the African Union Committee of Ten Heads of State and Government on United Nations Security Council Reform (C-10). The summit, held in Oyala, Equatorial Guinea, convened leaders in an effort to address the historical injustice faced by Africa due to its absence in the permanent category of the UN Security Council.
Equatorial Guinea President Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, in his opening remarks, emphasized the urgent need for a “renewed and revitalized action” on the part of the African continent. He underscored Africa’s unique position as the only continent without representation in the UN Security Council, characterizing it as a historical injustice that must be corrected.
President Bio outlined the purpose of the meeting, stating that it aimed to evaluate the progress made so far. He emphasized the importance of formulating strategies to bolster existing support for the reform process, particularly from interest groups aligned with the Common Africa Position. Additionally, he acknowledged the necessity of engaging with groups holding divergent views to build a consensus.
“In this vein,” President Bio remarked, “any submission to the Summit of the Future by the Intergovernmental Negotiations (IGN) should unequivocally address the non-representation of Africa in the permanent category of the UN Security Council. It should advocate for treating Africa as a special case and a priority in the reform process.”
President Bio urged officials to adopt enhanced engagement strategies at all levels, positioning Africa to capitalize on opportunities that may arise from the efforts of the IGN Co-Chairs, Member States, and Interest Groups.
Currently, the UN Security Council has five permanent members— the US, UK, France, China, and Russia. Non-permanent member positions are rotated among member states, with Mozambique, Gabon, and Ghana currently representing Africa. KXL/26/11/2023